1. Definition of Laminates
Decorative laminates are laminated products used as furniture surface materials or wall paneling that pressed on PB, MDF, HDF to gain the sophisticated and protected surface. HPL (high pressure laminaion) is formed in sheet to decorate and do the furnishing decors.
Postforming series of HPL enhances the luxury, continuity and sophistication of furniture.
HPL sheet includes more than one paper layer with different functions: Kraft paper, decorative paper and overlay.
Layers of paper are coated by melamine resin pressed under high temperature and pressure in certain duration of time.
The kraft paper can control absorbtion. This kind of paper is made of Kappa hard wood with high consistency. Quantity of kraft paper runs from 80 – 120 g/m2.
The decorative paper is considered the most important part of HPL sheet. The decorative paper is dipped in a melamine resin “bath tub”. Cellulose in the paper will become glossy and more colorful. Decorative paper requires a clean environment, preventing dust and impurity.
The overlay is made of pure cenllulose with the quantity of paper is 18 – 50 g/m2. Hence, this layer requires refined paperflour. Top layer paper is translucent after being submerged in resin.
HPL has the capability of resistance from water, heat and scratches, which is more advanced than Melamine decorative paper. The thickness of HPL is diversifies from 0.5 to 1 mm.
Film effect can create natural feeling with its depth and elegant woodgrain surface.