1. Definition of Laminates
Decorative laminates are laminated products primarily used as furniture surface materials or wall paneling that pressed on PB, MDF, HDF to gain the nice and protected woodgrain surface. This flat sheeting material is usually used in interior decoration and industrial furnishings like decorative layer and flooring.
Laminates own the postforming series which enhance the luxury, continuity and sophistication of furniture.
Each laminate sheet includes more than one paper layer with different functions: Kraft paper, decorative paper and overlay.
Layers of paper are coated by melamine resin. Those layers are pressed under high temperature and pressure in certain duration of time to make laminates.
The kraft paper can control absorbtion. This kind of paper is made of Kappa hard wood with high consistency. Quantity of kraft paper runs from 80 – 120 g/m2.
The decorative paper is considered the most important part of Laminates. The decorative paper is run through a “bath tub” or vat containing melamine resin. Cellulose in the paper will become glossy and more colorful. Decorative paper requires a clean environment, preventing dust and impurity.
The overlay is made of pure cenllulose with the quantity of paper is 18 – 50 g/m2. Hence, this layer requires refined paperflour. The paper for the top layer of the sheet is translucent after being submerged in resin.
Laminates’ water resistance, heat resistance and scratch resistance is more advanced than Melamine. More diversified thickness than Melamine: 0.5 to 1 mm.
Film effects are transformed much better and be likely to natural woodgrain in depth and surface effect.